The spine, also called the backbone, is designed to give us stability, smooth movement as well as provide a corridor of protection for the delicate spinal cord. It is made up of bony segments called vertebrae and fibrous tissue called intervertebral discs.
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The incidence of back pain has drastically increased. Approximately 90% of Americans experience back pain at different stages of their life. In America, the annual expenditure for the treatment of back pain is approximately $50 billion. Back pain is not a disease; it is rather a symptom due to an underlying pathology.
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Neck pain refers to pain or discomfort resulting from abnormalities or injuries to any of the structures in the neck, including the muscles, ligaments, nerves, bones and vertebral joints. Neck pain is one of the most common health problems experienced by individuals, at some point in their lives.
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Spine trauma is damage to the spine caused by a sudden traumatic injury from an accidental fall or any other physical injury. Spinal injuries may occur while playing, performing normal activities, operating heavy machines, lifting heavy objects, driving automobiles or when you suffer a fall.
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Back pain may be an indication of a stress fracture known as a vertebral compression fracture. Vertebral compression fractures occur when the normal vertebral body of the spine is squeezed or compressed to a reduced height.
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A spine injection is a nonsurgical treatment modality recommended for the treatment of chronic back pain. Injection of certain medicinal agents relieves pain by blocking the nerve signals between specific areas of the body and the brain. The treatment approach involves the injection of local anesthetics, steroids or narcotics into the affected soft tissues, joints or nerve roots. It may also involve complex nerve blocks and spinal cord stimulation.
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Spine deformity can be defined as an abnormality in the shape, curvature and flexibility of the spine. There are different surgical approaches to repair these deformities.
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Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.