The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement and propulsion. In order to understand the conditions that affect the foot and ankle, it is important to understand the normal anatomy
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The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle, connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. The Achilles tendon ruptures most often in athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting and jumping.
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A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments that connect adjacent bones and provide stability to a joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury that occurs when you suddenly fall, twist the joint or when you land in an awkward position after a jump.
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Toe deformities are common problems that occur due to abnormal positioning of the foot bones, inadequate biomechanics and diseases such as arthritis, which affects the bones and tissues of the foot. The most common toe deformities are hammertoes, claw toes, mallet toes and bunions.
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Plantar fasciitis refers to the inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that lies at the bottom of the foot. It runs from the heel bone to the toes and supports the arch of your foot. Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain.
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A bunion, also called a hallux valgus, is an enlargement of bone or soft tissues around the joint at the base of the big toe, which results in the formation of a bump.
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Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure, in which an arthroscope, a small tube with a light and video camera at the end, is inserted into the ankle joint to evaluate and treat various conditions.
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The ankle joint connects the leg with the foot and allows free movement of the foot. It is formed by connecting the bones of the lower leg, the tibia and fibula, with the talus or ankle bone.
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