The calcaneus or heel bone is a large bone found at the rear end of the foot. The calcaneus connects with the talus and cuboid bones to form the subtalar joint of the foot. A fracture is a break in a bone following trauma or due to various conditions. A calcaneus fracture can be categorized as a stable fracture, displaced fracture, open fracture, closed fracture or comminuted fracture, depending on its severity.
A fracture of the calcaneus occurs most commonly due to a traumatic event such as falling from a height, twisting injury, motor accident, sports injury or ankle sprain.
A fracture of the calcaneus is considered serious and can cause longstanding problems if not treated effectively. Stiffness and pain in the joint, and arthritis are common risks following a calcaneal fracture.
The common signs and symptoms of calcaneal fractures are
Calcaneus fractures are diagnosed with an X-ray or CT scan.
Calcaneal fractures are treated based on the type of fracture and extent of soft tissue damage. Treatment options may include:
Following treatment, the patient is recommended to perform simple exercises and undergo physical therapy to help restore flexibility and function. After complete recovery, the patient can resume their daily living with normal activities.