A bone fracture is a medical condition in which a bone is cracked or broken. It is a break in the continuity of the bone. A bone may get fractured completely or partially, and is commonly caused from trauma due to a fall, motor vehicle accident or sports injuries. Thinning of the bone due to osteoporosis in the elderly can also cause the bone to break easily. Overuse injuries are common causes of stress fractures in athletes.
Our body reacts to a fracture by protecting the injured area with a blood clot, and callus or fibrous tissue. Bone cells begin forming on either side of the fracture line. These cells grow towards each other and thus close the fracture.
The objective of early fracture management is to control bleeding, prevent ischemic injury (bone death) and remove sources of infection, such as foreign bodies and dead tissue. The next step in fracture management is the reduction of the fracture and its maintenance. It is important to ensure that the involved part of the body returns to its function after the fracture heals. To achieve this, maintenance of the fracture reduction with immobilization technique is done by either non-operative or surgical methods.
Non-operative (closed) therapy comprises of:
External fixation is performed in the following conditions:
Fractures may take several weeks to months to heal completely. You should limit your activities even after the removal of the cast or brace so that the bone becomes solid enough to bear the stress. Rehabilitation program involves exercises and gradual increase in activity levels until the process of healing is complete.
The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement and propulsion.
This complex anatomy consists of:
The thigh bone (femur) and the pelvis (acetabulum) join to form the hip joint. The hip joint is a “ball and socket” joint. The “ball” is the head of the femur and the “socket” is the cup shaped acetabulum. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface called cartilage that cushions the joint and allows pain-free movement. This cartilage does not show up on X-ray, therefore you can see a “joint space” between the femoral head and acetabular socket.